Colonialism was the colonial practice of governing India from the British rule.
Its origins were the colonial conquest of the New World, which had already begun with the arrival of European ships.
Colonial rule extended from the 17th century, but it ended in 1817, when Britain signed the Treaty of Versailles, which banned all trade with the United States.
India was then under British rule, and the country’s borders were divided into various parts.
Some of the new colonies were formed as part of this division.
The Indian colonies, which became known as the British Raj, included Bengal, Assam, Burma, Ceylon, the East India Company (the predecessor to the British) and the British Protectorate (a part of the British Empire that ruled India from its capital at New Delhi).
In 1825, the British formally surrendered India to the French.
The remaining Indian territories were divided between the French, Portuguese and Dutch.
The colonial government controlled the Indian colonies and the land that made up them.
India had no central government, and it was still a land of religious differences.
As the French and Dutch empires conquered the Indian territories, the Indian states continued to have their own distinct cultures, traditions and languages.
The Portuguese Empire, a successor of the French Empire, ruled India for a few decades, but the Indian state was absorbed into the European colonial system, becoming the British India.
The British, however, did not see India as a separate state.
The French and the Dutch colonies were a direct continuation of the colonial empire, but they were different from the Indian empire.
The former was a European colony and had its own customs, traditions, language and culture, while the latter was a British colony and was part of an independent British India which had the status of an “independent nation”.
Colonialism came to an end in 1847 when the British and the Indian governments signed the “United Nations of India” treaty.
The treaty established the United Nations as a permanent body of international institutions and set up the international system of law and order.
However, the treaty also provided for a colonial administration, which was responsible for enforcing the treaties and for administering the Indian colony.
Colonial India was divided into six states: Bengal, Manipur, Assams, West Bengal, Mizoram and Rajasthan.
Bengal was the oldest of the six states.
It was ruled by a Muslim king named Rajendra Singh, who ruled from 1829 until his death in 1867.
He was succeeded by his son, Sir M.K. Singh, in 1854.
The first Muslim ruler in Bengal was Abdul Sattar Singh, also known as Sir Maitrey Singh.
He ruled from 1830 until 1867, when he died.
Sir Mankayar Singh was succeeded in 1853 by his cousin, Sir P.M. Singh.
Sir Pravin Singh was also the first Muslim in Bengal, who took power in 1857.
He died in 1874, and Sir Mankaar Singh succeeded him in 1859.
After the British left, the three Muslim rulers of Bengal and East Bengal continued to rule, until the British government decided in 1911 to give Bengal to the Indian government, which the Muslims considered as the rightful owner of the country.
The partition of India into two independent countries, India and Pakistan, was the first act of Indian independence, which took place in 1947.
After India gained independence, the Muslim rulers were given more autonomy in India.
After independence, most of the Muslim-majority countries of Pakistan were given to Pakistan.
The government of Pakistan continued to control the country from 1951 to 2001.
In 2001, the Pakistani government signed the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, which made it impossible for any country, including India, to build nuclear weapons.
The Pakistani government also allowed the nuclear technology of India and other countries, including the US, to be used to develop nuclear weapons and to produce them.
In 2014, India announced it was ending its nuclear cooperation with Pakistan.