A pipeline that runs through the heart of the Indian state of West Bengal has been a global symbol of colonial oppression.
The $11 billion (6.3 billion pounds) project has sparked controversy over its controversial route and over the way it was built.
The pipeline is currently under review by the World Bank and the United Nations.
What is the history of the pipeline?
The Colonial Pipeline Project is an ambitious pipeline that crosses India and Pakistan, traverses the Himalayas, crosses the Ganges, and enters the Arabian Sea.
The project was built in 1971 by a British company, Northern Line (NPL), to transport coal to the port of Dhaka, Bangladesh.
The plan was to connect the port to the ports of Bengal and Kerala, but the project was abandoned in 1974 when Bangladesh became independent.
In 2009, India halted the project and then-Prime Minister Manmohan Singh withdrew it.
Since then, the project has been contested by environmental activists and environmental organizations, and in April of this year, India announced it would reopen the project.
It is unclear if the pipeline was ever built, though a survey in 2013 showed it was a massive project with a route that was expected to cross India’s northeastern states.
A few years later, India decided to construct a pipeline to cross the Ganga.
The South Asian nation’s leaders said it would reduce the risk of flooding by providing better access to the river.
Why is it controversial?
The pipeline crosses the Indian states of West Bannur and North Sikkim.
The West Bengal Governor, Anant Kumar Shukla, said it was necessary for the construction of a road to the Gange.
In addition, the pipeline crosses over the border between India and Myanmar.
The Myanmar government is also in the process of constructing a new road through the country that will cross the border with India, which will make it easier for the government to import goods.
According to the World Health Organization, more than a billion tons of coal is exported to India annually.
How was the project funded?
The colonial era British-controlled Indian state set up a monopoly over the transport of coal to India, making it easier to export the material.
The Indian government decided to use the profits to build the pipeline.
India began constructing the pipeline in 1972 and completed the first one in 1984.
The World Bank is funding the project through a $10 billion ($9.5 billion) loan.
The British government also helped the project with funding.
The colonial government said it built the pipeline as part of its struggle against Pakistan.
It has long called the project a symbol of colonialism.
“We are going to build it to relieve the suffering of the people of Bangladesh,” Prime Minister Narendra Modi said in April, when he announced the construction.
The government is using the project to increase the productivity of its mines and the port, and is hoping to attract foreign investment.
“There is no reason why the project should be stopped.
The entire world must see it, the world must hear it,” Modi said.
Why did India reopen the pipeline now?
India said it wanted to build a road for the country to trade with the United States and China.
However, it did not want to take the project over by flooding the region.
The Chinese government said the dam project would not affect the water supply to the entire region.
“It is not necessary to flood the entire river, but to help it to flow more effectively.
It will help us to bring more wealth to the people and the economy of Bangladesh, it will help the people to live better,” Chinese Premier Li Keqiang said at a meeting of the Chinese-led Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) summit.
“The canal will be built in three years and the people will benefit from it,” Chinese Vice Foreign Minister Liu Jieyi said at the same summit.
In June, Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina told reporters that the canal would help people in the country’s impoverished south.
What are the environmental risks?
The project has faced opposition in the past.
Environmentalists have said the project is harmful to the environment, and that it will increase the flow of greenhouse gases and water into the country.
In 2014, the UN’s World Environment Programme said the pipeline will damage the biodiversity of the Gobi Desert, and the government has not addressed these concerns.
“This project is a massive global problem.
The water of the river is polluted and it will continue to be polluted,” said Ananth Kumar, an environmental activist with the Bangladesh Environmental Protection Agency.
“If the river flows, it creates problems for people.
It’s not a problem for the environment.
The river flows and there are huge impacts,” he added.
Is there a plan to stop the project?
In October, India suspended construction of the canal.
“Today, there are not any plans to stop construction of this project.
We are not trying to stop any of the projects,” Indian Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar told reporters.
The new pipeline is the first of its