From the opening salvo of the Civil War in 1861 to the closing salvo in 1865, the Confederate States of America erected more than 1,300 monuments across the South.
Today, we are commemorating the monuments, and the history they shed on the state and nation.
The Confederate Memorial Park in Columbia, SC, is a sprawling, nearly three-acre site that sits on a bluff overlooking the Columbia River.
One of the first structures to be dedicated to Confederate symbols was the Confederate Memorial Cemetery in the city of Augusta, Georgia, which opened in 1861.
The cemetery is now part of the state Capitol and is a major tourist attraction.
In the 1890s, the United States Civil War memorial was completed, and it included the Confederate Battle Flag as well as a Confederate flagpole with a Confederate motto, “The flag of the Confederacy stands on the brow of a hill.”
In 1891, the Southern States National Monument to the Confederacy was dedicated in Columbia.
The monument is currently home to the site of the former Confederate town of Emancipation.
The park’s namesake is Confederate general George Washington, and his birthday is celebrated in the park each year.
It is no surprise, then, that the monuments and memorials that dot the landscape of the Southern states and nation are named after states and statesmen.
Here’s a look at the most notable Confederate monuments and other historical landmarks in the South: